The discussions of agrarian arrangement, land administration and spatial planning should be seen as an integrated entity and cannot be separated one another. On a traditional sense, land administration has the function ofproviding land data for taxation purposes, yet on a broadercontext, recent development refer to the establishment of land administration system scoping a more extensive function such as supporting economic development, environmental management, and social stability and justice (I. P. Williamson, 2001). In this condition, the need of an integrated land administration system, covering aspects of agrarian arrangement and spatial planning, is inevitable. Moreover, land information system can be used as an instrument to achieve sustainable development, by means of providing spatial data and attribute information to provide spatial planning, development strategies and other spatial based decision making (I. Williamson, Enemark, Wallace, & Rajabifard, 2010).
A more traditional practice of land administration usually limited on asset legalization issues, giving emphasizes on the protection of land right and its legal guarantee, manifested in land certification activities. The established land information system still partially developed to meet the need of land certification, ignoring a broader context such as spatial planning and other policies related to land management, such as forest management, environmental and social aspects, making it difficult to established and implement a sustainable development planning, while land administration failed to cover ‘common’ issues of land management, such as social justice, environmental sustainability, acceleration of economic growth, poverty alleviation, improvement of living standard, and in more global context, such issues of global warming and climate change. Interestingly, land administration system is one of the most important key factors in integrating agrarian arrangement, land administration and spatial planning in one system supporting each other, by providing single source of solid data on land. Moreover, a professional institutional support with high integrity and commitment, together with integrated and synchronized policies and regulations able to accommodate different stakeholders with different point of views and interests, and multi-sectors collaboration between institutions to strengthen ten the existent of agrarian affairs and spatial planning, are also important to be promoted. This related with the establishment of one map policy as a national agenda and priority since 2011, that has been emphasized through Regulation No. 4 of 2011 on Geospatial Information (Samadhi, 2013).
On a broader, sense, integrated land administration, agrarian and spatial planning may cover some aspects correlated one another. The implementation of high technology in land surveying and mapping, supported with a solid and up to date land database management for cross-sectors purpose, data sharing policies, multi-sector management related to land management, consistencies between agrarian arrangement, land administration and spatial planning to may avoid conflicts. This can also function optimally as an instrument to achieve social justice and can also improve the quality and stability of life.This is not an easy work, especially for developing countries such as Indonesia, where those needs are usually conflicting with the need of economic growth and infrastructural development as ‘the one and only measurement device” to quantify the success of development. Other problems, such as access and asset justice of land, poverty, gender and generation, customary land(tanahadat) and indigenous people, community empowerment, and other technical issues such as disaster management and land use, utilization and tenure control are neglected on agrarian and spatial planning practices.
On a more advanced scale, land information system can be used to boost the innovation of smart city initiatives. Access to parcel based spatial data and its attribute information give the opportunities to develop a practice and comprehensive system on spatial based decision making for various purposes for better life. Moreover, smart city initiatives can also be used as a manifestation of good governance through service transparency and government commitment in providing best services for the community.
This international seminar is aimed at gathering thoughts, ideas, findings and experiences, practical and empirical, related to agrarian arrangement, land administration and spatial planning, to provide recommendation for a more comprehensive of integrated agrarian, land and spatial planning implementation. Moreover, this conference is expected to be a tool for multi-sectors stakeholders related to the issues, not only limited to the Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning, but also for other institutions, as a part of counteraction of perceptions related to land management and spatial planning. Furthermore, this conference is expected to be a means for the practitioners, academics and researchers to communicate their needs, ideas and findings related to the topic.
Samadhi, N. (2013). Indonesia ONE MAP: assuring better delivery of national development goals. In Geospatial World Forum (pp. 12–13).
Williamson, I., Enemark, S., Wallace, J., & Rajabifard, A. (2010). Land administration for sustainable development. Citeseer.
Williamson, I. P. (2001). Land administration “best practice” providing the infrastructure for land policy implementation. Land Use Policy, 18(4), 297–307.